Women’sInstitute-Municipal Archive and Shadow Square_ Memory
The center of Móstoles City,although it seems to have a caothic condition, it is formed by a structure ofdifferents public squares. From the Town Hall Square, there is urban pathwaythat conects the Cultura Square, the Ernesto Peces Square and the PradilloSquare.
The IMAM project, located betweenparty walls, it is conceived like one more square that belongs to this generalstructure of public spaces. It not only proposes a new passageway between Colón and Ricardo MedemStreets but also a new half-coveredpublic space with vegetation, childs playground, benchs….
Although they are two buildings withdifferent functions, the Women’s Institute and the Municipal Archive, the construction is configured asone piece, pierced by longitudinal courtyards. From the public square, thesecourtyards penetrate the building becominng huge flower beds with differenttypes of scented climbing plants, sage, lavander and bamboo.
According to the competitionrequirements, the old Casino facade has been rebuilt, but with a new system ofperforated galvanized steel plates, which arrange the access to the MunicipalArchive, and also a new glasshouse between this facade and the new building.
Each courtyard generates two facadesystems: the north facades, formed by large concrete walls washed with surfacedeactivant agent, and colored methacrylate bubbles; and the south facades,formed by large panes of different types of glass according to the sun’sposition. Both structural facades are also supported by V-shaped pillars, whichfree the ground floor space.
We are proposing a building withoutrefinement. A raw building.
The structure is the finish of thebuilding, the installations are visible, without false ceilings, etc… Only thecolored methacrylate bubbles and the graffiti done by the Boamistura group of artists, will contrastwith the rest of the building.
The configuration of the building’sstructural system is based on mixed porticoes made of steel and concrete.
The porticoes on the north side areformed by reinforced concrete screens, which work as deep beams, supported onHEM metallic pillars in a V shape.
The porticoes on the south side areformed by HEM metallic pillars which make triangular geometries to reduce theopenings of the concrete beams.
The ends of each piece are freed upby large cantilevers of between 5 and 6 m., supported by the concrete screens and bythe strenght of the HEM pillars which hang from their ends. There are two typesof framework according to free light: if they have less than 5 m., they are flat 20 cmsthick concrete slabs; if they have more than 5 m., they are ligth frameworkssurfaces 50 cms. thick.